Sihanouk Autonomous Port (SAP) is the country’s only deep seawater
port and plays a significant role in the development of the economy.
With offshore oil field being developed nearby, a new multi-purpose terminal
is planned, consisting of a supply base for the oil fields and a handling
area for bulky materials such as wood chip or coal.
Current shipments through SAP include the export of garments and import
of vehicles, machinery, construction material, electronics and raw material
for garment manufacturing.
The port is preparing to be listed on the Cambodian Stock Exchange.
In addition to SAP, there are other smaller sea ports such Sre Ambel,
Oknha Mong and Kamport Port – which is due to undergo expansion.
There are also plans to develop ports in Kiri Sakor, Koh Kong province
(deep seawater port), Steung Hav of Preah Sihanouk province (international
port) and Kep province (tourist port).
Inland Water Transportation
Cambodia’s inland water network consists of the Mekong River and
its tributaries; the Tonle Sap and Bassac River.
The navigational segments of the network stretch to approximately 1,750
km in length during the rainy season. The Mekong River accounts for 30
percent of the total length, the Tonle Sap 15 percent, the Bassac River
5 percent, and other tributaries 50 percent.
Phnom Penh Autonomous Port (PPAP)
PPAP is the state-owned port and Cambodia’s second largest. Shipments
included garments, agricultural products, construction materials, vehicles,
and machinery and consumer products.
PPAP is building a new container terminal with a total capacity of 120,000
TECs per year. Construction is scheduled to be completed by the end of
The new port will alleviate some of the congestion at PPAP where only
smaller vessels can dock. At present, PPAP handles barges, small container
ships and oil tankers mainly from Vietnam. Goods exported through the
port head down the Mekong River to Vietnam’s deep sea water port
before onward shipping to overseas markets.
Once completed, the new port will end the need for shipment transers
to larger vessels in Vietnam. It means that the imported goods can go
directly to the capital rather stopping first in Sihanoukville and then
travelling overland to Phnom Penh.